The ideas of abolishing the British monarchy and replacing it with a republic have been bandied about for a long time. It always strikes me funny that people who want to ditch their hereditary kings and queens and replace them with elected leaders are often just as vocal about their desire to ditch the entire British system and institute a republic. Many people will ask why it is necessary to change the monarchy when they already have one. Many say it is because it is an outdated institution and that younger generations are more accepting of democracy. Perhaps there are too many immigrants and the monarchy are out of touch. But whatever the case, I have no problem with people wanting to get rid of the British monarchy and replace it with a republic because it is the continuation of a long tradition.
The idea behind constitutional monarchies is that the people are allowed to choose their monarch. In practice, however, this isn’t quite the same. The head of state remains in the hands of the monarchy, but he or she may choose to live and reign elsewhere. This is true of many modern countries where the constitution does not explicitly state that the head of state lives within the country.
The Roman Catholics and Separatists didn’t like the fact that their king was still alive and they wanted him removed from the throne. They would never have had a king and so they instituted a republic rather than a monarchy. In America, after the Revolution, the colonists had a choice between either putting forth a constitution or sticking with the Articles of Union. Many of them voted to stick with the Articles of Union and they later made up the Articles of Proviate which also included a provision that any amendments to the constitution must be approved by a majority of the legislature rather than just a single vote.
A Possibility Of Abolishing British Monarchy
For the longest time, the British Monarchy was able to maintain its power without any opposition from the general public. However, this changed after the death of King Edward VIII in February 2021. His reign was quickly followed by the accession of his son and successor Queen Elizabeth. At that point, many people believed that the British Monarchy was no longer legitimate since the crown was now shared by her sons. Some of the Republican and monarchist groups were unhappy with this turn of events and began a series of protests and legal petitions throughout the country to have the crown re-established.
The opposition to the British Monarchy became most vocal in Scotland, where there was a notable Catholic minority. The Irish Catholic Church opposed any efforts towards separation from the crown and fought against any efforts to make the Scottish constitution identical with England’s. The only way for any of these historical monarchies to be brought completely into the American governments was through the introduction of constitutional monarchies. This means that the head of state was selected via election as was the case with constitutional monarchies in the rest of the world. The framers of the US constitution felt that it was important that each nation had a right to choose its own leader, and so they guaranteed that each country would have a system of checks and balances to prevent major political abuse or corruption.
However, this guarantee has now been abandoned in favor of a constitutional monarchies system which some Republicans feel does not go far enough. The problem now facing Republicans is how to gain enough support to change the existing system to create a republic. Historically, there was always an element of self-interest amongst the leaders of a country towards their own power base, so changing the system could be difficult. The current situation regarding Iran and its nuclear weapon program certainly makes a change in the way the UK deals with the monarchy difficult. Additionally, a republic would have a much harder time gaining independence from other countries, since they would need to form a solid political foundation in order to do so.
In The End
One way that the Republicans might get around this problem is to create their own version of constitutional monarchies. This is probably the most feasible option, as it allows for true freedom of speech and assembly. Many see the current system where the head of state is elected by the people as being undemocratic. However, with the help of new technology and new forms of communication such as the internet, a revolution in communications may just make this problem irrelevant in the future.
Regardless of which way the issue will turn out, the current system of hereditary monarchy is coming to an end. For Republicans, it represents a long standing tradition that has been built up through the centuries of resistance to British rule. It is important to remember though that this change does not come without a struggle. The roots of these institutions are hard to break, and it is likely that changes will be slow and marked with many hardships.