There is a counter-revolutionary institution that mainly formed, maintained and set up for targeting Catholics in orange order. It not only aimed at them but it also targeted Protestants who were disloyal. The formation, as well as spreading of this institution, was completely supported by the British state. This started in the year 1798 and the major aim was to draw a line between Protestants and ordinary Catholics.
Orange Order: Things You Should Know
The alternative attraction needed a day for marking and they choose 12th July as Bastille Day. This day also marked the sectarian massacre which later led to Orange order. This Orange order was born in the year 1795. It was part of an armed campaign of terrors and they aim was to deny the complete citizenship rights offered to Catholics. The context was nothing but a struggle between landlords and tenants.
There was penal law that always forbade Catholics from bearing arms. Even so, radical volunteer campaigns of the 1780s were recruiting and arming Catholics. The sectarian attacks that later happened, it accompanied Orange marches and they had some origin here. After that, in 1795, almost 7000 Catholics pulled out of Armagh and these programs was behind this.
Compared to today, there are many differences. The major one being, at that time, a lot of expelled catholic families received shelter by Presbyterian United Irishmen present in Belfast and later Antrim. Moreover, the Protestant leaders in the United Irishmen sent respected lawyers to prosecute on behalf of the actual victims of Orange attacks. In the meantime, they also sent a lot of different missions to the same area for undermining the influence of the Orange Order.
More than anything, this played a major role in ensuring the failure of the 1798 rebellion. General John Knox, the architect of this policy, explained the Orange Order. He stated that, it was the only barrier present against the United Irishmen and that the institute of Orange Order came with infinite use.
The Strategy Of Orange Order.
Here the strategy is very simple. The main aim was to prevent the Protestant workers from being identified with the Catholic neighbors thus ordering the anti-Catholic society. These programs were mainly led by wealthy Protestants. They tried to offer the best place for all Protestants which included privilege and promotions at work.
These annual parades were the key behind this strategy and in the meantime, they filled two main roles. One thing is offering the working-class members in the Protestants group a day in the sun and to mix their ‘betters’. Another thing is they were working it against their Catholic neighbors.
As part of this Orange order, they tried to expose Protestant workers for accusations like traitors mainly because they were not allowed to take part in the events. After the failure of this in 1798, people changed their thoughts and didn’t see its need anymore. Later they tried to ban it and everybody understood that an institute cannot just depend on Protestant rulers.