In this installment of the Royal Family Tree, we will be examining the reigns of each of the four Winds that ruled over England in the sixteenth and seventeenth century. The first two kings we’ll discuss are Henry IV and Mary Queen Elizabeth, each of whom established new governments in London. Queen Elizabeth would end up with a marriage to her brother King Phillip, which would solidify the union between her and Henry IV. We’ll also discuss the beginning of the reign of William the Conqueror, from whom the English crown is derived, and how his rule was oppressing England.
The first of the royal family tree charts the ascendancy of Henry IV to the throne of his father, King Charles IV. This king went from being simply a royalist to a more radical faction. When his father died, he was proclaimed king by the English parliament after a brief period in which there were elections for a regency council. King Charles was a very traditional man, and had made a number of important changes to the laws governing the kingdom during his reign. He dissolved the English Monarchy and installed Henry V into the English throne. Henry was only twenty years old when his turn came.
One of the kings who was not only closely related to the royals, but also deeply unpopular was King Philip. His reign was marked by absolute power and wealth, and he consolidated his position through a series of oppressive wars that his army pursued across Europe. The Wars of the Roses had an impact on the way the monarchy dealt with their subjects. His son, King Henry IV, would later become involved in the process of trying to reunite the kingdom, and his own life and policies were directly responsible for many of the failures of the enterprise. Queen Elizabeth was forced to abdicate her throne at the end of her life, and her son King Edward became king.
King Henry Viii
One of the royals not directly related to the Stuarts was King Henry VIII. His life and reign marked a turning point in the history of England, for he was driven from power after only one term as king. After he refused to sign the order to dissolve the monarchy, and abdicated his government, he was succeeded by his younger half-brother, King Charles, who became popular as king. When his elder half-sister, Queen Elizabeth, married again, they immediately took control of the government once again. There are many interesting connections to this royal family tree, and one of them is the fact that there are several very famous portraits of the two queens: one of Henry VIII, and another of Elizabeth.
Anne Boleyn was the woman who was married to Henry VIII. She was the mother of Henry and King Charles, and she was also the closest friend and confidante of Queen Elizabeth. She was also the mistress of King Charles, which made her a key figure in the historical drama of the Tudor period. One of the most important figures in the British royal family tree, she was also the mother of King Henry VIII and the grandmother of his son, King Edward.
The Duke Of Gloucester
The Duke of Gloucester was the younger son of Queen Elizabeth. He was also the heir apparent to the throne, and he was also known as Prince Charming. When he was not at home during battle, he was generally chosen as the representative of the queen to negotiate terms or surrender areas. When he was present, he was known as the Duchess of Gloucester.
The duchess of Gloucester was the second oldest member of the royal family tree. She was the mother of the king, and later the Duchess of Oxford, as well as the wife of the king, Edward IV. She was also a close friend and companion of Queen Elizabeth, as well as being the sister of the duke of Gloucester. She was known to be very combative and hard-headed, and she had considerable power as a Counsellor, Governor of York and member of council. She never wore the tiara, but she always carried one when she went into battle.
The last member of this royal family is the viscount severn, who was known as the Prince of Wales, or son of the king of England, Henry VIII. Although he was a prince, he was not entitled to the throne until after Henry’s death. When he was proclaimed king by parliament on the thirteenth of February, he was not embraced with the same gusto as his brothers. This was because he was not as wealthy as they were, nor did he have the same connections. However, he was allowed to keep the title of viscount, as he was also the cousin of the queen.