The British Monarchy Timeline – The Matilda Timeline

british monarchy timeline

The British Monarchy timeline traces its history back to the years when it was known as the Roman Empire. There was a time when it ruled over most of what we now call England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. During those times, it was known for its great kings who were usually known as “the Princes.” Many of these names have come out on the royal genealogy charts.

Many Of The Leaders Of The Rebellion Were Killed Or Fled To Safety

A body of water with a mountain in the background

When Henry the first became king of England, he had an election to choose a new queen. Many of the leaders of the rebellion were killed or fled to safety. Henry chose Matilda, cousin of the current Queen Elizabeth. She was twenty-one years old at the time. Her husband, John of Gloucester, was her uncle and subsequently became king of Scotland and Ireland.

After the death of Henry there was a dispute between him and the English Monarchy regarding the succession to the throne. There were two main contenders for the throne, the younger son of the king who was known as the Duke of Gloucester and the Earl of Sandwich, who was the eldest son of the king. They both had equal claims to the throne but there were differences concerning their claim to the throne. They both wanted the throne for different reasons. The Duke of Gloucester wanted to be king, whilst the Earl of Sandwich wished to be king.

The First British King To Defeat The Roman Army

A flag flying on a cloudy day

On Sept. 10 87, William the Conqueror invaded England. He was the first British king to defeat the Roman army. He also gained control of Scotland, taking it from the Romans and drove them out of the country. He later governed Scotland himself and created a council which drafted laws that would establish an English monarchy.

In order to make sure that the crown would continue to be in the hands of a female, a coronation William was proclaimed. On this day William the Conqueror’s daughter Aelfgifu was made Queen of Scotland. She was married to the duke of Normandy, who was one of the most powerful dukes in the kingdom at that time. The duke also controlled Scotland, since he was the highest member of the assembly of peers in the east end of the country.

British Monarchy Would Continue To Be A Viable Political Entity

In order to ensure that the British Monarchy would continue to be a viable political entity, William the Conqueror had Aelfgifu sign the Charter of the Netherlands’ and put it into force. This meant that she would have absolute power over the English realm and all her subjects were bound to obey her. She was not only the strongest claimant to the throne but also the most loyal. When the time came for the English to choose a new King, they turned to Aelfgifu and she selected Henry of Bath, whom she loved.

After Henry was crowned king, he sent messengers to communicate his wishes to the English peers about his marriage to Matilda, who was of Scotland. Unfortunately, the messengers were turned away and no further communication was received. However, there is speculation that either someone higher up in the English realm wanted Matilda dead or that she was not being treated with respect. After her execution, William the Conqueror returned to Scotland and never reached the throne of his father. This is why the first king of Scotland, Robert the Bruce, never came to the throne.

Final Words

When Robert the Bruce was crowned king in 1066, he immediately asked that Matilda, the last of the English Queens, beheaded because of her refusal to sign the charter for the English dominions. She refused to cooperate with her husband and her cousin, the earl of earl werden, who claimed the throne as king. Instead of having her beheaded, her head was taken by her husband’s troops and she was buried in the west side church at Windy. Her grave can still be seen today at Windy.

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