Queen Elizabeth is the head of the House of Windsor and of the entire British Monarchy, which are based in the United Kingdom. At the beginning of her reign in 2021, the Queen Mother began the process of abdicating the throne to her son and granddaughter, the present Queen Elizabeth.
After several years, the process of abdication became known as the Diamond Jubilee. This occurred after two centuries, when Queen Elizabeth is said to have relinquished her hereditary crown to her son and granddaughter. In accordance with the traditional guidelines, the abdication of the throne must be preceded by a number of specific signs. These include the deprivation of the right to govern the country, the assigning of the Crown to another member of the royal family, and the official announcement of the abdication by both the Houses of Parliament. In some instances, the act of announcing the event requires the formal signature of the queen herself. However, all of these signals are optional and can be altered or omitted as the situation evolves.
A Relatively Recent Occurrence
The abdication of the British monarchy is considered as a relatively recent occurrence. Prior to its adoption by modern England, the English system of government retained many of the aspects of the legal system of the Middle Ages, when it came to the abdication of the throne. The basis of the Royalist regime was the idea of monarchy as a constitutional monarchical state. In theory, this would allow the British people to form their own government with limited political power. The implication was that the concept of monarchy as a constitutional monarchical state was not compatible with democracy.
This idea however, soon changed course. With the development of the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the emergence of the landed gentry class as the new ruling elite, the concept of constitutional monarchical government came to lose its hold over the population. The landed gentry was itself threatened by the growing population of lower classes, and so, its support for the idea of monarchy started to decline. This marked the onset of the Enclosure Acts which effectively abolished the rights of the British people to participate in the decisions making process at the parliament.
The Role Of The Crown Became More Diffuse
As the country gradually slipped away from the confines of constitutional monarchy, the role of the crown became more diffuse. Queen Elizabeth II has attempted to play the traditional role of the sovereign, but more recently the role of the head of state has increasingly gone to the back of the seats. This has happened despite attempts on her part to restore the honor and dignity of the crown. When the crown has become more of a political symbol than a physical symbol, the will of the people can be easily questioned. Consequently, people are increasingly trying to get rid of the symbol by various means, and one of the most common methods is to get rid of the monarchy.
As the process of abdication proceeds, there will always be those who try to challenge the will of the people. The current situation is such that a constitutional monarchist is no longer even required to have a majority in order to abdicate the throne. A two-thirds majority is already deemed to be an unacceptable margin by most citizens. Although there are a handful of cases where a two-thirds majority is required under certain circumstances (such as if a person were to succeed to the throne when the current king or queen is no longer alive), such cases are extremely rare and it is unlikely they will ever become a popular method of removing a hereditary crown holder.
People Can Attempt To Remove The Crown
There are a few different ways in which people can attempt to remove the crown. Generally, people choose to do this through a process called “dissolving the kingdom.” Under this plan, individuals request the dissolution of the royal house and include the clauses necessary for the procedure to go through. Dissolution will then allow the people to choose another leader who may serve as a representative of the crown in the British parliament.
This process is highly uncommon, because the constitution was not passed by the people through a popular vote and is therefore not recognized by any national institution in the United Kingdom. It is estimated that roughly two percent of the population wishes to see the end of the British Monarchy and as a result, dissolving the British monarchy is currently the only way to achieve this goal.
In the event of abdication, there are three main options available to the head of state. First, they can remain at the helm of the regal institution and appoint a regent. The regency also has the authority to name their own successors. If these efforts prove fruitless, the last course of action would be for the crown prince or princess to officially abdicate the throne and sign onto the constitution drafted by the palace.