It enjoys a decisive vote at the UN, is protected by a powerful fleet, and enjoys immense prestige and power, not only as the guarantor of world peace, but also as the Official Government body representing the British nation. These days, the current head of the British Monarchy is Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. Her role as the Crown Jewel of England is an extremely important one, and she wields her position and authority with enormous restraint and care.
The power of the British Monarchy is unrivalled. It exercises absolute, constitutional power over every aspect of its numerous subjects. When we refer to the British Monarchy, we are normally thinking of the government of Great Britain and, of course, the hereditary crown power of the Queen herself. However, this is not merely a description of the Monarchy’s supreme power, but also a comprehensive description of how that power acts and how it wields it.
Rooted In The House Of Commons
The Monarchy’s prerogative is rooted in the House of Commons, the upper house of the British Parliament. This is responsible for the setting of all legislative agendas, which then fall under the Journals of Parliament, ”Chronicles,’ and ‘Parliament.’ The power of the Monarchy is also derived from the numerous privileges which the members of the House of Commons have to themselves. As their hereditary head, it is Her Majesty who chairs these committees and determines the outcome of legislation.
There are many hereditary powers of the Monarchy, which allow it to exercise absolute power over its numerous subjects. Among these are the prerogative of the peerage (who may be a member of the House of Lords and the House of Commons), the prerogative of the Privy Seals and also the right of the head of the State to appear in the courts of law. It is also the prerogative of the King to dismiss subordinate leaders without the necessity of a Court of Illustrious Affairs. This, besides being a direct violation of the constitution, also gives the King a great deal of autonomy in his rule.
Houses Of Parliament
In practice, the actual exercise of King’s power is limited to issues which can only be legally resolved in the Houses of Parliament. To this end, the actual scope of King’s power is very much the extent of what Parliament can achieve. The Houses of Parliament can, for example, legislate on the appointment of ambassadors, the raising or lowering of royalty, and the naming of prime ministers and cabinet members. They can not, however, legislate on aspects of religion, including the raising of a national Christmas tree and the wearing of Christmas clothing for men. Royalty, both at the level of the hereditary British nobility and of the landed gentry, and the aristocracy of every other level, are generally against any interference by the lower classes in their affairs.
The limitations placed on the King by the Constitution are not absolute, but the process of amending the constitution is, from point to point, very carefully performed. For instance, a Queen’s reign is not perpetual, and she is not entitled to reign forever. She must abdicate her throne once or twice or else allow her subjects to do so. The only instances in which she may not otherwise retire or pass away before her subjects decide otherwise are if she is still unfit to recover, i.e., if she is suffering from a serious illness which may prevent her from exercising her ‘powers and functions’. Once she has ceased to be fit to lead, a Parliament is declared, with a House of Commons and a House of Lords, each of which can propose amendatory bills. If these bills are passed by both Houses, then the constitution is altered accordingly.
The Kingdom Into Bankruptcy
It is theoretically possible for the Monarch’ to abdicate her constitutional authority and commit the kingdom into bankruptcy, but this would destroy her authority and any political influence which she might have previously enjoyed. Besides, it is generally considered unwise to abdicate one’s power and position when there is a possibility of revolution brewing, since it is likely that, in such a case, the people who will suffer the brunt of her abdication will themselves be reluctant to relinquish their power and privileges to the new government.
But the Monarch’s power does not depend solely on the Crown but also on the whole nation, and any loss of her crown represents a loss not only to herself but also to her people and to the welfare state which she represents. For this reason, the process of royal deference and obedience is important for the continuation of the government, and the people also look forward to seeing the King or Queen back on the throne at the time of a major national crisis. This is one reason why the popularity of the British Monarchy remains high even though the latter part of the twentieth century has seen a lot of political turmoil and changes.
In practice, the ‘royalty’ system under which the British Monarchy exists actually means two things: the hereditary right of the British throne to continue her rule over the people through the consent of the people (through their elected representatives in both Houses of Parliament) and the absolute power of the Monarchy to grant her subjects those rights, which are ‘rights belonging to the realm.’ This means that, whenever the Queen wishes to make a decision or order, either with respect to the constitution of her realm or to any other matter affecting the lives of her people, she must go through the traditional royal authority established in the 15th century by the ‘Suffolk Protocols,’ ‘The Franchise’ Act, ‘parliamentary primacy,’ and ‘acts concerning trust.’ It is also worthy to remember that the ‘royalty’ system was never intended to be hereditary. The true ‘royalty’ is ‘power.’ Thus, for instance, while the right of the Queen to reign personally is bestowed on the whole kingdom through the ‘royalty’, the hereditary right to administer the affairs of the realm is bestowed upon the Princes in the form of the ‘royalty’ or ‘prerogative’ of the House of Windsor.