What is a Constitutional Monarchy

constitutional monarchy

A constitutional monarchy, constitutional republic, or absolute monarchy is a constitutional form of government in which the ruler exercises power according to a written constitution. In a constitutional monarchy there are elected governments, but the ultimate power lies with the leader. Absolute monarchies provide the leader with absolute power and also guarantee that the constitution will be maintained by the leader.

The three types of constitutional monarchies are absolute, constitutional, and constitutional. Absolute monarchies have no rule that limits their powers. They can do as they please. It is the symbol of political legitimacy.

There is a difference between absolute and constitutional monarchies. Absolute monarchies are not ruled by a written constitution because they lack any such document. Absolute monarchs exercise absolute power but they usually do not consult the constitution for major decisions. Constitutional monarchies on the other hand grant their subjects the right to participate in decisions made through written laws and to choose their own ministers.

Two Constitutional Monarchies

A flag flying on a cloudy day

Canada has two constitutional monarchies: the Canadian monarchy and the American constitutional monarchy. The first, Canada, was created by the Articles of Union with English-speaking provinces. The second, the American empire, was formed by the Revolutionary War. While some believe that the two monarchies share a common heritage, this is not the case. They have different practices and follow different political systems.

The Canadian system of government follows a constitutional monarchy model, which is rooted in the enlightenment ideals of the eighteenth century, including the “republic, king, queen, commons, regal and aristocratic” form of government. Because the constitution grants absolute power to the prime minister and parliament, there is generally little opposition to any government action, except from the opposition party.

American System Of Government

A stone building that has a bridge next to a brick wall

Unlike in most modern republics, the head of state in Canada is selected by the election process and is subject to the power and authority of the legislature. The person voted for then becomes the head of state. The constitution does not specify who should be the head of state, although it does allow for the possibility. The constitutional monarchies of Canada are also a constitutional monarchy where the head of state is selected by the provincial legislature. The constitution does not specify who should be the head of state, although it does allow for the possibility.

Modern Constitutional Monarchy

Modern constitutional monarchies include: Argentina, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Burma, Cambodia, Cuba, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Liberia, Mauritius, Mexico, Nigeria, Peru, the Philippines, Russia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, the United States, Zimbabwe, and the Sultanate of Oman. The United Kingdom is an independent constitutional monarchy. Other countries with constitutional monarchies include: Algeria, Bolivia, Brazil, Britain, Cape Verde, Costa Rica, Guyana, Paraguay, the Philippines, Turkey, Vietnam, and Chile.

Although the constitution does not mention the type of head of state to be the head of state, most constitutional monarchies include a “leader of the council of ministers,” which could mean either the prime minister of the country or the vice president of the country. Some constitutional monarchies have absolute monarchies.


Absolute monarchies are referred to as “chairs of the government,” whereas the prime minister is referred to as “prime minister.” The supreme court consists of the high court and the constitutional monarchy supreme court. Most constitutional monarchies also have a separate parliament known as the unicameral assembly.

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